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Quick Details

Carriage Type


Date of Production

circa 1860

Accession or Inventory Number

NT 1152615

Materials used

Paint, Wood, Iron, Leather, Wool Box Cloth, Brass

Summary of Clarence

A carriage that is long since past its prime. 

Country estates and town households would have had a fleet of carriages that would include a Brougham or a Clarence. The Clarence was introduced in the 1840's and named after the Duke of Clarence. It was originally a small family carriage that could seat four people. The Growler developed from the Clarence, this was sturdy and workmanlike, built to work as a cab on city streets, ‘growling’ across the cobbles, hence the name.

The Clarence is used on a daily basis in the Royal Mews at Buckingham Palace.


Height: 6ft 2 ¾”

Length: 8ft

Width: 4ft 7”

Full description

This Clarence is in a bit of a sorry state having lost its under carriage and wheels, by the looks of it, some time ago. It now sits, supported on various jacks and trestles in a shed on the Erddig estate.

The remains are of the standard form for a Clarence. It has an angular profile which is softened a little by the slightly domed roof. The coachman’s seat has single seat rails with knobs for attaching a leather apron on each side rail. The seat is served with a leather skirt with brass beading. A single long cushion is upholstered in blue box cloth and a seat drop is in the same material. To the side of the footboard, on each side, is a step consisting of a square jagged tread. Attached to the front of the footboard is a leather dashboard with iron grab handles on each side.  

The doors are hung on concealed hinges and have brass loop handles. Large foot treads are supported on a bracket bolted to the underside of the carriage, their covers are attached to the base of the doors. The sliding window in the offside door is has a frame covered with blue wool cloth, the nearside sliding window is missing. At the front of the Clarence is a large window with a curved upper edge and there is a window on each side in the upper front panels. Bolted to the side panels behind the doors are straight leather splashguards.  

A nicely shaped splinter bar is stored on the floor beneath the carriage. It is compassed up in the centre with the futchells under the bar.

Inside the carriage is fitted with two seats. The side panels are covered with black buttoned leather as is the cushion on the front seat. The rear seat is missing its cushion. The floor is covered with a dark blue plain carpet. On the doors are blue box cloth. The broad lace has a stripy pattern on the interior handles and a floral pattern on the sliding window drops, which is not quite right. The front and side windows have blue silk roller blinds. All of the interior furniture is of bone. The interior is terribly dirty but mostly intact.

Due to the condition of this carriage it is a challenge to really see what the original colour was. It seems to have been a very dark green with red lining. The initials ‘VY’ are painted in beautiful scrolled lettering on each door.


Painted on each door: ‘VY’

Condition report

It has to be said that this carriage is in poor condition. The undercarriage and wheels are missing with the exception of the splinter bar. The interior is mostly complete with the exception of one of the seat cushions, but it is very dirty and showing signs of moth damage. The carriage body has woodworm.

Access information

This Clarence is in the care of The National Trust, Erddig.



LL13 0YT

Picture credit

The National Trust / Amy Bracey / Robert Lovell